Thursday, 1 August 2013

Solution : Implicit Declaration Of Function malloc error in Linux Kernel

Hi if you get Implicit Declaration Of Function malloc error in Linux Kernel then
solution is use vmalloc or kmalloc


kmalloc: Best used for fast allocations that are smaller than a page (PAGE_SIZE, 0x1000 on most architectures). It doesn't involve mapping memory, so you get the memory straight from the kernel's 1:1 physical memory mapping. You get physically contingent memory. Note that if you you want to allocate more than one page (i.e. order > 0), you risk bumping into external fragmentation issues - i.e. the call might fail even if there is enough free. Higher order - higher chance for allocation failure, and up-time plays a factor here too.

If you want to achieve maximal allocation efficiency then using your own kmem_cache for each type of struct is the way to go (the other benefits for this strategy are being able to monitor the state of your allocations from /proc and catching memory leaks more easily).

vmalloc: Allocations of more than one page. You get mapped-memory in kernel space. Behind the scenes it is similar to what userspace gets - the kernel allocates a bunch of pages and maps them in a virtual address space. This allocation is slower than kmalloc's, and memory accesses might incur a bit more overhead

Avoid vmalloc whenever possible and use kmalloc


kmalloc() should only be used allocating small amounts of memory (a few kb).  vmalloc() is better for larger amounts

Share This!



1 comment:

Here We Write The Problems we face at different situations and Solutions to those problems.